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Posted by The Bead Obsession on 11/26/2014
The Bi, which is flat and coinlike with a hole in the center of it is said to represent Heaven, while its counterpart, the Cong, is alluded to representing the Earth and were mainly used by religious figures. Gui, zhang, hu, and huang represented east, south, west and north respectively. These were often placed on the body of the recently deceased and buried with those who were held in high esteem. The meanings of the other four jade rituals were lost as they became status symbols due to their high value among the social elites of the time.
During wartimes, these “coins” were passed over to the victors as a sign of surrender.
The most popular varieties of Jade are formed from two metamorphic rocks known as Nephrite and Jadeite. Nephrite appears white and is much less common, while Jadeite is the green rock most are accustomed to seeing. It is the calcium, magnesium and iron embedded in the rock crystals that give the gem its green and milky hue. Once found primarily near the Yangze River, sources of Nephrite are fairly scarce due to over-mining.
Some say that Jade is a symbol of love, that it also holds protective and healing powers. It is also purported to being a prosperous stone. The intrinsic positive energies help to reason clearly, and make good business decisions.
Jade is a beautiful and versatile stone. It can be set into rings and earrings, strung into bracelets and necklaces. It can even be made into buttons. Steeped in tradition and symbolism, the deep greens and milky whites make this mystical stone more than just semi-precious.